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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

The Determinants of Smoking Behavior among Teenagers in East Java Province

Santi Martini, MS, Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Airlangga University, Campus C Unair Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia

Objective: There are many factors that can influence a smoking tradition in Indonesia. The purposes of the study are to analyze predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors, which influence to smoking behavior among teenagers, and to examine the perception of cigarette advertisements among teenagers.

Methods: The study is conducted in four areas i.e. Madiun City, Malang City, Jember Regency and Bangkalan Regency. The sample is 1630 students from senior high school. A survey by using self –questionnaire is run to collect quantitative data and focus group discussion and in-depth interview is used to collect qualitative data. The quantitative data is analyzed by using Chi-square test and regression logistic to find the determinants to smoking behavior.

Results: in this study, many variables which determine teenagers to smoke significantly and the strongest determinant of smoking behavior is friends ever offered cigarettes and a teenager will smoke most likely if there is offering of it. It shows that offering cigarettes from friends play an important role to smoking behavior among teenagers. So, giving life skill for teenagers is a very important thing that they can choose everything correctly and properly. Most of respondents agree that cigarette advertisements can influence people especially teenagers and children to smoke, health warning of smoking harm perform less adequate such as the font size on cigarette pack is too small and the time for showing it on television in too short, so people can't read it.

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