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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: Cigarette smoking is a main risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; one of them is hypertension that cause many severe complications. The purpose of the study is to assess risk of hypertension occurrence based on smoking frequency, number of smoked cigarette a day, type of cigarette, way of smoking, age initiation of smoking, and duration of smoking.
Methods: The study was an observational research with case control design. The subject was recruited from patients who attended to the hospital as many as 150 persons and to participate in this study voluntary with informed consent.
Results: The analysis shows that there are risk differences of hypertension occurrence based on age initiation of smoking and number of smoked cigarettes a day. The risk of hypertension occurrence for people who begin smoking at 16 – 18 years old is 4.81 times more than people who begin smoking at 19 – 35 years old. The risk of hypertension occurrence for people who smoke cigarette 10 – 20 pieces a day is 3.02 times more than people who smoke cigarettes <10 pieces a day. People who start smoking at 16 – 18 years old, who smoke cigarettes 10 – 20 pieces a day and who have smoking habit for more than 17 years, they have higher risk to hypertension occurrence. Hypertension cases can be decreased until more than 65% if the risk factors can be eliminated.