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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: To analyze mental disorders prevalence and its relationship with dependence and gender factors in a smokers group.
Methods: A descriptive study of 1834 smokers ( 51.3% women) with an average of 46.5 years old who ask for smoking treatment in a public specialized unit sited in the neumology service of a public hospital. Instruments: Clinic interview, Fagerström test and cooximetry (CO). Statistic analysis with Chi square and Student T.
Results: Group reported 35.8% of mental disorders history and 17.8% presented a mental disorder at the assessment moment.Total prevalence of mental disorders was higher for women. Nicotine dependence factors were higher for men without mental disorders (cigarettes per day 28.9 vs 25.2 p< 0.000; Fagerström score 6.4 vs 6.1 p< 0.035; CO 19.2 vs 15.9 p< 0.000; number of previous attempts 1.8 vs 1.6 p< 0.005). In the group of people with history of past mental disorder there were only differences in the average of cigarettes per day ( 31.1 vs 26.6 p< 0.000) like the group of people with present mental disorder (32.3 vs 27.3 p< 0.001). Both the group of people with past mental disorder (6.7 vs 6.3 p< 0.001) and the group of people with present mental disorder (6.9 vs 6.3 p< 0.000) have presented higher Fagerström test score.