Back to Conference page
The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: To analyze the results and success predictors of a proactive telephone counseling protocol for smoking cessation in Spain.
Methods: A prospective and descriptive study of 403 smokers (55.8% women) with an average age of 42.2±10.1 years who participated in a proactive telephone counseling protocol for 6 months with 10 telephone contacts and 5 self-help mailings sent. Cognitive-behavioral intervention and pharmacological treatment. Statistical analysis with Chi Square and Student T.
Results: Subjects smoked a mean of 25.3±11.3 cigarettes per day and had a Fagerstrom mean score of 6.3±2.1. 18.9% reported respiratory diseases, 6.9% reported cardiovascular diseases, 25.1% reported cardiovascular risk factors, 43.2% reported history of mental disorder and 20.6% reported some mental disorder at the initiation of treatment. Punctual abstinence rates were 66.7% in a month, 55.8% at 3 months and 50.6% at 6 months. These abstinent subjects at 6 months smoked less cigarettes per day (23.4±9.9 vs. 26.9±11.8, p<0.002) and their Fagerstrom test score was lower (6±2.2 vs. 6.7±2.0, p<0.002). They also showed lower previous (33.8% vs 54.7% p<0.000) and present (14.2% vs 27.6% p<0.001) mental disorders. These differences were not shown in subjects with organic diseases.