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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA



Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM
13-132

Proactive Telephone Counseling for Smoking Cessation: Results and Success Predictors

ISABEL FLETES, BEATRIZ SANCHEZ, MONICA QUESADA, and JOSE MARIA CARRERAS. SMOKING CESSATION UNIT, HOSPITAL CARLOS III, SINESIO DELGADO 10, MADRID, 28029, Spain

Objective: To analyze the results and success predictors of a proactive telephone counseling protocol for smoking cessation in Spain.

Methods: A prospective and descriptive study of 403 smokers (55.8% women) with an average age of 42.210.1 years who participated in a proactive telephone counseling protocol for 6 months with 10 telephone contacts and 5 self-help mailings sent. Cognitive-behavioral intervention and pharmacological treatment. Statistical analysis with Chi Square and Student T.

Results: Subjects smoked a mean of 25.311.3 cigarettes per day and had a Fagerstrom mean score of 6.32.1. 18.9% reported respiratory diseases, 6.9% reported cardiovascular diseases, 25.1% reported cardiovascular risk factors, 43.2% reported history of mental disorder and 20.6% reported some mental disorder at the initiation of treatment. Punctual abstinence rates were 66.7% in a month, 55.8% at 3 months and 50.6% at 6 months. These abstinent subjects at 6 months smoked less cigarettes per day (23.49.9 vs. 26.911.8, p<0.002) and their Fagerstrom test score was lower (62.2 vs. 6.72.0, p<0.002). They also showed lower previous (33.8% vs 54.7% p<0.000) and present (14.2% vs 27.6% p<0.001) mental disorders. These differences were not shown in subjects with organic diseases.