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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Chinese physicians regarding smoking cessation.
Methods: This survey was conducted in 2004 in six cities of China. 3652 physicians were recruited and finished a self-administered survey.
Results: The smoking prevalence was 25.8% for all physicians participated in the survey, with 45.8% for men and 1.3% for women. Among smoking physicians, 36.7% have smoked in front of their patients. 47.2% of physicians often ask their patients' smoking status, reason for not asking mainly is “Because the patient's complaint is not relevant to smoking”. When encounter smoking patients, 95.7% of physicians will ask them to quit or cut down on smoking, but they are not sure about its effect. Most physicians, especially physicians who do not smoke, often tell their patients that smoking is harm to them and their family members, but little physicians know how to help smoking patients to quit. 36.5% of physicians have never heard about Nicotine Replacement Therapy and 55.7% never used it. More than half physicians do not know how to provide support to smokers who want to quit.
Conclusions: Smoking rate of male Chinese physicians is higher than their counterparts in other countries, smoking status of physicians have influence on attitudes and practices towards patients' smoking cessation. Most physicians will advise their smoking patients to quit smoking, but they lack knowledge and skill to do so. There is a clear need for more education and research on the best physician practices on smoking cessation.