Congress logo
Back to Conference page

The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

Smoking and Cancer Diseases in Georgia

George D. Bakhturidze, MD, Lawyer, Research, FCTC Implementation and Monitoring Center in Georgia, 17, Lermontov st., Tbilisi, 0105, Georgia and Gela Kobeshavidze, MD, Research, Georgian National Counter Tobacco Center, 21-a, Kavtaradze st., Tbilisi, 0102, Georgia.

Objective: Tobacco consumption in Georgia has increased to alarming proportions since 1990. The research addressed in the study of epidemiology of tobacco production consumption during of last 5 years and correlation with cancer diseases.

Methods: Quantitative research structured interviews. For choosing of population was used cluster method. A group of interviews was used for this purpose, their training and selection were conducted. The research group's professional composition: epidemiologists, medical doctors, sociologists, psychologists, teachers.

Results: There were researched population from 10 to 74 years old. These researches have shown that in Georgia smoking rate is nearly 52,1% in men and 14,7% in women population.

In 1998-99 years in Georgia consumed tobacco 1.700.000 persons, among them 1.200.000 men and 500.000 women. It is 37% of our population. In comparison with the 1985 the number of smokers among youth and among young women increased 3 times.

In Georgia are using tobacco 1.200.000 men and 500.000 women (the population of Georgia are 4.500.000 persons). In the year 1985 smoking rate in Georgia was 42,8% men and 4,1% women. In the year 2003 in Tbilisi in 17-25 years old women tobacco using rate was 28% while in the year 1998 these rates were 14,3%.

In 2003, 1.200 smokers had lung cancers; 1.500 - other location cancers; 9.000 - bronchitis, emphizemes and asthma. In year 2003 in Georgia 11.000 people died because of smoking, which is 24% of total mortality.