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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: Tobacco consumption in Georgia has increased to alarming proportions since 1990. The research addressed in the study of epidemiology of tobacco production consumption during of last 5 years and correlation with cancer diseases.
Methods: Quantitative research structured interviews. For choosing of population was used cluster method. A group of interviews was used for this purpose, their training and selection were conducted. The research group's professional composition: epidemiologists, medical doctors, sociologists, psychologists, teachers.
Results: There were researched population from 10 to 74 years old. These researches have shown that in Georgia smoking rate is nearly 52,1% in men and 14,7% in women population.
In 1998-99 years in Georgia consumed tobacco 1.700.000 persons, among them 1.200.000 men and 500.000 women. It is 37% of our population. In comparison with the 1985 the number of smokers among youth and among young women increased 3 times.
In Georgia are using tobacco 1.200.000 men and 500.000 women (the population of Georgia are 4.500.000 persons). In the year 1985 smoking rate in Georgia was 42,8% men and 4,1% women. In the year 2003 in Tbilisi in 17-25 years old women tobacco using rate was 28% while in the year 1998 these rates were 14,3%.
In 2003, 1.200 smokers had lung cancers; 1.500 - other location cancers; 9.000 - bronchitis, emphizemes and asthma. In year 2003 in Georgia 11.000 people died because of smoking, which is 24% of total mortality.