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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

Tobacco's Impact on People: a Question of Social Justics

Shanta Lall Mulmi, BA, B.Ed, Management and coordination, Resource Centre for Primary Health Care, Bagbazar, Kathmandu, Po. Box:117, Nepal

Objective: Nepal has not yet ratified FCTC due to absence of Parliament although it was signed on 2003. However, Nepal as a member of the WHO is legally and morally obliged to develop its legal framework in the line of FCTC. RECPHEC has been active in raising public consciousness and in motivating people's initiatives in tobacco control since 1997. The national advocacy campaign led by RECPHEC in June 1998 has forced the government to ban the advertisement of tobacco products in e-media. It believes on the concept of health development 'by and with the people' and is committed to develop peoples' initiatives in addressing the impact of tobacco.

Methods: µ Sensitizing and awareness campaign at district and community level. µ Formation of district network groups and community based network groups. µ Publication of education materials in local languages. µ Pressurize the local government and non-government institutions to declare tobacco free zone. µ Analyze the impact of tobacco especially on women, minorities and indigenous people.

Results: It initiated formation of anti-tobacco networks groups in 13 districts with total memberships of 184 CBOs to stimulate people's initiatives from grassroots. The networks participate in survey/research activities, awareness, radio programs, and development of voluntary tobacco free areas. To date hoarding boards to advertise tobacco is banned in Chitwan and Saptari districts. Office areas and public place are made tobacco free zones in all the 13 districts. Similarly 475 community-based groups are formed in Kanchanpur district involving more than 40,000 members for door-to-door campaigns against tobacco.

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