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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA



Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM
13-205

Statistical Study of Tobacco Use and Attitudes from Hospital Staff in Five Public Hospitals

Liliana Di Lorenzo, Licenciada, Language therapy, Hospital Manuel Rocca, Riobamba 340 apt 13 A, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Fernando Ferraro, PhD, Cardiology, Hospital Manuel Rocca, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Marta Angueira, PhD, Cardiology, Hospital Ramos Mejia, San Luis 3294 apt 4 A, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Silvia Cortese, PhD, Toxicology, Hospital Fernández, Cerviño 3356, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Isaac Cohen Sabban, PhD, Clinics, Hospital Tobar García, Ramon Carrillo 315, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Hector Berzel, PhD, Secretary of Health, Government of the City of Buenos Aires, Carlos Pellegrini 313, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Tobías Kirsner, PhD, Cardiology, Hospital Zubizarreta, Nueva York 3962, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Leonor Moro, PhD, Clinics, Hospital María Ferrer, Finochietto 849, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Eva Lopez, Sociologist, Sociology, Hospital Ramos Mejía, Urquiza 609, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Enrique Dominé, PhD, Clinics, Hospital Rivadavia, Las Heras 2670, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective:

The objective of the study is to evaluate:.

• Number of smokers and kind of smoking habits • Knowledge level and adherance to anti-tobacco rules • Hospital staff's acceptance of a smoke-free hospital

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, randomized and descriptive study .Participants were health care professionals, administratives and technicians, all of hospital's staff. We used an anonymous -unique questionnaire which we developed for this study. The data processing was made with SPSS Win statistical software. From 1389 questionnaires, there were 65% female, and 35% male. Rejections were not reported. We divided hospital staff in groups and determined number of smokers in each group: physicians, nurses, technicians, and administratives. Then, smokers were classified according their tobacco's habits as : daily smokers, occasional smokers and no smoking people. Among daily smokers we described prevalence connected with their function in the hospital. All participants were asked about health damage produced by environmental tobacco smoke ( ETS) and if they agreed with smoking prohibition at the hospitals and health centers. Finally, they were also asked about approving and participating in a smoke-free hospital program.

Results: Groups that participate in the study have a smoking rate similar to general population. There are no statistical differences in prevalence depending on the work position in the hospital. We found that knowledge about health ETS injury is connected with the kind of smoker. More than 90% agrees that smoking in the hospitals must be forbidden. There is general assent about accepting non-smoking rules and participating in a smoke -free hospital program



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