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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA



Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM
13-223

Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Tobacco Use among Adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan

Asad Ali Khan, M.B.B.S, Community Health Sciences (CHS), Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan

Objective: to study the prevalence and factors associated with use of tobacco among adolescents in Karachi

Methods: Four hundred and twenty (420) subjects were selected using random cluster sampling. Altogether three hundred and three (303) participants completed questionnaire, which were asked about socio-demographic, knowledge, attitude and perceptions regarding tobacco use

Results: A total of 53 (53/303 = 17.5%) of all adolescents reported using tobacco (all forms inclusive) in last two weeks. 16 (16/303 = 5.7%) adolescents reported that they smoked cigarette, and 18.1 % chewed tobacco. The most common form in chewable tobacco was gutka or main puri (13%), followed by pan with tobacco (4.3%), and naswar (1.0%). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age the following factors were independently associated with smoking; those subjects who had pocket money (OR = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.2 6.3); use of tobacco by any family member (OR = 8.8, 95% CI = 3.2 24.4); having knowledge that tobacco products are addictive (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 1.6 7.4) and member of any organization (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 0.8 6.5). Feasibility of conducting this study revealed a very good response from different sectors of community; we succeeded in getting collaboration of diverse stake holders.