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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA



Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM
13-246

Evaluation of the Factors Effecting Succesful Smoking Cessation

Esra Uzaslan, MD, Funda Coskun, and Oktay Gozu. Chest Diseases Department, Uludag University Medical Faculty, Gorukle, Bursa 16059, Turkey

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the smoking cessation trials, quitting rates and factors effecting smoking cessation rate of 517 patients (213 females 41.2% and 304 males 58.8%), followed in the smoking cessation clinic (SCC) during last 10 years.

Methods: The program of SCC was completed at least three visits and telephone contacts. We investigated the effects of age, gender, occupation, smoking period and nicotine addiction level of patients on their smoking cessation, by retrospectively evaluating their files.

Results: The percentage of people who did not attend the SSC after second visit was 35.9 % (n:186) and they did not quit. The 64.1% of patient attended three or five visit and tried to quit, but 301 of the patients began smoking again in one year time. Overall one-year maintained quitting rate was 41.7% ( n:216). The age, the duration of smoking years were significantly different between quitter and non quitter at the end of the one year. The smoking cessation rate was significantly higher in males (46.4%) than in females (35.2%) (p< 0.05). There was not any significant difference in mean Fagerström score between quitter and non quitter. When we evaluated correlation between quitting rate and Fagerström score of people; dividing them into two groups, according their Fagerström score >7 and <7, quitting rate was not significantly different between two groups. Also when people compared according their occuppation there was not any significant difference among their smoking cessation rate. We came to conclusion that age, gender and smoking period were important predictors of succeed in quitting