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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

The Impact of Passive Smoking at Home on Respiratory Diseases: Results from the Indonesia 2001 National Survey Data

Triasih Djutaharta1, Abdillah Ahsan1, Tata Tachman1, Hendro Hendratno2, and Elizabeth Gilpin2. (1) Faculty of Economics, Demographic Institute, Building A Floor 2nd and 3rd, Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia, Depok, 16425, Indonesia, (2) World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia

Objective: was to study the impact of exposure to tobacco smoke at home on respiratory illness in children.

Methods: Santerre and Neun (1996), an individual health production process, in which endowments, lifestyle, environmental factors, socioeconomic status, medical care produce health and demographic factors affect health status. The morbidity status are measured by there are respiratory diseases

The study uses raw data from the 2001 National Socio-Economic Survey (NSES) and 2001 National Household Health Survey (NHHS) where the NHHS is a sub-sample of the NSES. The examined univariately test are using Pearson's chi-square statistics and multivariate analysisi are using logistic regressions from the STATA regression estimation program

Results: Of the 3,621 children less than ten years old, nearly 70% lived in households where at least one person smoked. In most of the smoking households, fewer than 15 cigarettes were smoked each day in the home. However, 6% of all children younger than 10 years old lived in homes where 30 or more cigarettes were smoked each day, implying high exposure to secondhand smoke.

It shows that acute respiratory diseases are the most common of all diseases among children and that younger children are more affected than older ones. For children, chronic respiratory diseases were the fourth most common disease group.

When adjusting for many other factors that might also influence disease, the logistic regressions with specific respiratory diseases (respk) as the dependent variable found significant relationships for households where 30 or more cigarettes were smoked per day (elevated compared to smoke-free households).