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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

Socio-Demographic Determinants of Smoking in Italian Females

Giorgio Pretti, PhD1, Federico Roncarolo, MD1, Anna Gianti, MD1, Maria Teresa Tenconi, MD1, and Carla Ge, MS2. (1) Dept. of Preventive Medicine, University of Pavia, via Forlanini, 2, Pavia, 27100, Italy, (2) Dept. of Applied Statistics and Economics

Objective:Methods: The data collected within the Multiscope Household Survey (ISTAT 2002) in a sample of 24.839 women representative of 25.734.365 italian women 14 years of age were analysed by multiple logistic regression analysis, taking as dependent variable smoking habit and as independent ones age, education, residency, satisfaction at work and at leisure time, satisfaction versus familial and friends relationships and judgement about own economical resources.

Results: The number of smokers was estimated as 4.392.656, (prevalence 17.1%). In the population as a whole smoking was positively associated to late adulthood (40-49 years: OR=1.65-< 25 years=1.00), middle school education (OR=1.41- university=1.00) and living in Central Italy (OR=1.10-northeast Italy=1.00). Among working women the positive association was found for late adulthood (OR=1.62), high school education (OR=1.36), manual worker position in employment (OR=1.57-professional =1.00),satisfaction at work (OR=1.23-little or no satisfaction=1.00) and versus friends relationships (OR=1.23). Negatively associated with smoking in the whole population were age 60 (OR= 0.65),elementary education (OR=0.85), being housewife (OR=0.63), residency in southern Italy (OR=0.66) and in medium-little size communities (<50.000 inhab.) (OR=0.87-50.000 inhab.=1.00). In working women, beyond the above variables, high or enough satisfaction in familial relationships (OR=0.94) and versus leisure time (OR=0.96), feeling of good or adequate economic resources (OR==0.78) resulted negatively associated to smoking. These features indicate that socio-economic and cultural factors play a role in smoking habit in italian women: these findings may be useful to identify target groups of population whom preventive projects should be addressed to.