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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA



Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM
13-273

Smoking Habit and Vegetable Consumption. a Case-Control Study from Spain

Alberto Ruano-Ravina, PhD1, Olga Dosil-Diaz, PhD2, and Juan Miguel Barros-Dios, PhD1. (1) Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Santiago de Compostela, School of Medicine, San Francisco St s/n, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, (2) Galician Public Foundation for Health Emergencies -061., Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Objective: to analyse the possible interaction between tobacco consumption and vegetable intake.

Methods: We analyze data from a hospital-based case-control study on lung cancer including 295 histologically confirmed cases and 322 controls. Controls were individuals attending the hospital for trivial surgery. There was a minimum age limit of 35 years and sampling was carried out a sex-frequency basis. Three categories of vegetable intake and another 3 of tobacco habit were created yielding 9 categories in total. The analysis was performed with logistic regression taking the status of case or control as the dependent variable. The results were adjusted for age, sex, and occupation.

Results: Green leafy vegetables were found to have a statistically significant protective effect on non-smokers. Among smokers, the risk declined in light-moderate smokers and in heavy smokers when the intake of vegetables increases. Taking those individuals non smokers and consuming vegetables less than 5 times per week as the reference category, the risk of lung cancer for those nonsmokers consuming vegetables more than once per day was 0,37 (CI 95% 0,15-0,92). The risk of lung cancer for those light-moderate smokers consuming vegetables less than 5 times per week was 3,14 (CI 95% 1,21-8,17) and for those consuming vegetables more than once per day was 2,29 (CI% 1,04-5,02). The risk of lung cancer for heavy smokers consuming vegetables less than 5 times per week was 17,47 (CI% 5,75-53,10) and for those consuming vegetables more than once per day was 6,98 (CI% 3,04-15,98).