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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

Smoking among Vietnamese Medical Students: Prevalence, Costs, and Predictors

Huy, V. Nguyen, An, T.M. Dao, PhD, and Phong, N. Dao. Public Health Faculty, Hanoi Medical University, Ton That Tung Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi, 0000, Vietnam


To investigate prevalence of, costs for, and predictors of, smoking among Vietnamese medical students.


Using the Global Youth Tobacco Survey Sample Questionnaire was revised to collect information from a sample size of 4720 medical students from 3 largest medical universities from 3 major regions of Vietnam. Qualiative approaches were also conducted to investigate the reasons for smoking related to the university-based tobacco control regulations.


Smoking rate is relatively high (25.5%), especially in male medical students, occupying almost 45%. Highest costs for smoking stand in a remarked contrast with lowest intention of quitting smoking in the North. Intention of quitting smoking decreases over academic years. Smoking predictors include region, academic year, exposure to family and non-family smokers, attitudes and beliefs of students. Knowledge is seemingly just a minor predictor of smoking. Qualitative approaches indicate lack of official regulation on smoking restriction at medical universities also as a smoking determinant.

The findings suggest that tobacco control policy for medical students should promote medical university- and students' surrounding environments-focused interventions, and include strict restrictions on smoking at medical universities. It is also encouraging to initiate tobacco control channels which impact on students' attitudes towards tobacco control, and beliefs about hazards of smoking.