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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. 5 million people die from tobacco each year, the half of these deaths usually occur in developing countries. If current trends continue, it is estimated that it will be responsible for 10 million deaths by the year 2020, the majority of which 7 million will occur in low-income countries.
Methods: Smoking Cessation Clinic, as a research project, was established for the first time in Iran by NRITLD in 1998. The quitting educational courses consist of 7 sessions of 90 minutes run by General Practitioners. In implementation of smoking cessation programs, the following are being employed: Providing education on smoking hazards and quitting methods, behavioral therapies, group discussion, nicotine replacement therapy. Among the ex-smokers, some are randomly selected for confirmation of CO expiratory smokerlyzer Test.
Results: Of 2072 (1615 male, 457 female) smokers registered on 1st September 2004, 549 (423 male, 126 female) were not able to completed the educational courses for different reasons and of the remaining 1523 (1192 male, 331 female), 1450 (1175 male, 275 female) have quitted successfully (88%) and others smoked cigarette in lower rate. Among those, 23.4% had a relapse into smoking a month after abstinence and the percentages in the 3rd and 6th months were 40.7% and 47.2%, respectively. One year after quitting, the rate of relapse was 52.4%.