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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

Influence of Tobacco Smoking on Cancer

Zaruhi K. Janibekyan, MD, MPH, Health, Jinishian Memorial Foundation, 34 Abovian Str. Apr # 5, Yerevan, 375009, Armenia

Objective: One of the main causal factors of the lung cancer (LC) is a tobacco smoking. In Armenia there is high prevalence of smoking (50% of men and 39.6% of women smoke). Moreover, 94% of all who have lung cancer are smokers. The economical and social changes in Armenia are lowering the starting age for smoking, increasing the duration of smoking and increasing the percentage of the population that smokes.

Methods: The project directed to the prevention and management of LC had multiple approaches; raising awareness of population on necessity to minimize health hazards of tobacco smoking, and direct all efforts on early prevention of lung cancer. 1.Community-based education about the link between tobacco smoking and cancer and its contributing risk factors. Governmental and non-governmental structures in collaboration with mass media have been involved in anti tobacco companies, raising awareness of public about health hazards and risk factors. It was realized through TV and radio programs, local newspapers, dissemination of booklets among pre-schools, schools and workplaces. 2.Health Care System-based intervention aimed to strengthen the National Program on Cancer Prevention in adapting international standardized methods of detection and prevention of cancer and raising educational level of health care providers.

Results: Results of community-based educational program was based on changes between randomized initial and final survey on knowledge (increased awareness by 38%) of people about problem and estimation of changes in incidence rate connected with visits to the doctors (increased number of visits up to 37%).