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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM

Fiji Study on Burden of Disease from Tobacco: a small population study in a low-middle income country

Harley J. Stanton, DrPH, Public Health Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, BP D5, Noumea, 98848, New Caledonia



This presentation reports on a study to review the burden of disease from tobacco in the country of Fiji, a low-middle income country with a population a little over 800,000. Few burden of disease studies are available from such countries.


Available data was collected for the period of 1998-200, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health Fiji, Fiji School of Medicine and the University of Queensland. This data was then analysed using the WHO global methodology for calculation of the burden of disease and results were made available to the Fiji Ministry of Health to assist in health decision making.


The burden of disease study showed that in 2001 the number of deaths attributable to tobacco was 142 persons with a strong majority being males and just on 2000 disability adjusted life years were lost due to tobacco use. The costs to the economy were Fiji $.2.5 million. These conservative estimates provided accurate information for the Ministry of Health and have assisted in the strong tobacco control measures which have been affected in policy, legislation and enforcement in Fiji.