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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA



Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 12:00 PM
13-54

A Review of the Health Related Toxic Hazards of Smoking in Women

Imran Munir, MD, Sameera MI, MD, and Ishaq M, MD, FACP. Pulmonology, Al-Junaid Hospital, 12-Sarwar Road Nowshera Cantt, Nowshera, 24100, Pakistan

Objective: The elusion of smoking as claimed by Industry “the secrets of health, beauty, cultural integration & motivation, but the reality as per research work is a misnomer.

Methods: The women glamour with smoking, It is a paradox say , only to discover that the reality is taking them even further away from the movie star image that they aspire to” Facial Wrinkles(FW) Development of wrinkles a natural part of the aging process but smoking more than 50 cigarettes per year causes 4-5 times more(FW) vs. nonsmokers, Microvasculature of skin is exposed to (nicotine/toxins/ carbon monoxide) lowering pressure of oxygen, nutrients, skin moisture, hindering healing process& about 3 times higher incidence of squamous carcinoma. Smokers with spinal injuries have an increased risk of pressure sores. (FW), originating from corners of eyes, upper and lower lips extending to the cheek with resorption of underlying bony contours, atrophic, slightly pigmented gray appearance of the skin & subtle gauntness of facial features. Nicotine sign, The cosmetic effect of smoking is yellow pigmentation of finger nail caused by the tobacco by products. Nicotine stomatitis, known as smoker's palate. An inflamed, reddened mucosa progressing to multi-nodular, papular, gray-white keratinized mucosa. Dysmenorrhoea./Pregnancy, Women smoking 2cigaretts a day have 30% tendency to menstrual/conception problems, congenital malformation, eclampsia, growth retardation, premature, abortion, fetal/neonatal death,

Results: The health related hazards of smoking may be more distressing for females than male. Conclusions: While cosmetic changes are not life-threatening at all, these can provide a powerful incentive for some to quit smoking.



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