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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: to identify the stress and coping methods in the smoking women and non-smoking women at the working place.
Methods: The data were collected by a survey using self-report questionnaire of convenience sampling of 892 working women from 6 department stores in Seoul and suburb area. Data were collected from Jan.10 to Feb.10 in 2004. The instruments were Global Assessment of Recent Stress by Linn(1985), Coping Method was measured using the way of coping questionnaire(Lazarus and Folkman,1984) .
Results: The smoking prevalence of working women was 46.5%(n=415). According to the stage of-change distribution, 49.2% (274 cases) among participants were in the precontemplation stage, 29.3% (163 cases) in the contemplation stage, 10.6% (59 cases) in the preparation stage),4.8% (27 cases) in the action stage, and 6.1% (34cases) in the maintenance stage. In the mean level of stress, smoking women was higher than non-smoking women. The smoking women used emotion-focused coping mode than problem-focused coping mode. The level of job stress was the highest and the second level of stress was financial problem. There was no significant difference in the problem-focused coping mode, desire-focused coping mode, support-focused coping mode by the smoking and non-smoking. But there was significant difference in emotion-focused coping mode ( F=10.047, p=.000).
The results of this study showed that the most common strategy used by smoking women emotion-focused coping mode. When you develop the programs for the smoking women , you might consider the smoking women' coping mode. This study provides useful information and framework for smoking cessation intervention for working women.