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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: Assess whether smokers who attempted to quit in the past 12 months have better health reduction behaviors than smokers who did not.
Methods: Maryland Cancer Survey 2004, was a population-based, random digit-dial, computerized assisted telephone interview of 5,004 persons 40 years and older. Through bivariate analyses, we assessed the association between quit attempts and demographic characteristics, eating habits, physical activity, alcohol drinking, and cancer screening. We used logistic regression to adjust for confounding variables.
Results: Of Marylanders 40 years and older, 786 (15.9%) are current smokers. Among current smokers, 50.1% attempted to quit in the past year. Smokers who attempted to quit were more likely to be African American (p<0.02), receive physician advice to quit smoking (p<0.01), have digital rectal exam for cancer prostate screening (men) (p<0.05), consume more fruits and vegetables per day (p<0.03), and take folic acid supplements (p<0.02). Logistic regression showed that smokers who attempted to quit were significantly more likely to be African American (OR=1.7, 95%CI 1.2,2.4), received physician advice to quit smoking (OR=1.8, 95%CI 1.3,2.5), take folic acid (OR=1.4, 95%CI 1.0,1.9), and to consume more fruit and vegetables (OR=1.5, 95%CI 1.1,2.0).
Conclusion : Smokers who attempt to quit are also more likely to engage in other risk reduction behaviors such as better eating habits, and taking vitamin supplements.