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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: to explore knowledge, self-efficacy and behavior on avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and related factors among pregnant women in Taiwan.
Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. 281 women attended for routine obstetric care volunteered were recruited to fill out questionnaires on sites (response rate: 54.04%).
Results: Participants on average were low in knowledge, less than 70% had the confidence to resist ETS, and said it was only “usually true” to practice the behaviors. The knowledge, self-efficacy and behavior on avoidance of ETS were all related to both women and their partners' education levels. There were significant differences in mean knowledge, self-efficacy and AETS scores among different household smoking groups. Stepwise linear regression revealed that overall avoidance of ETS was positively associated with self-efficacy, with no smoking policy at home, and both women and their partners' education levels. Conclusions: The astonishing prevalence of subjects suffering from active (6.1%) and passive smoking (66.5%) warranted health professionals to target pregnant women's self-efficacy and to advise them to try to set up their own smoking policy at home.