Congress logo
Back to Conference page

The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health

Building capacity for a tobacco-free world

July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA

Friday, July 14, 2006 - 4:30 PM

Ets Exposure in Public Places in Poland: a Look at Pm2.5 Levels and Implications for Policy

Krzysztof Przewozniak, MA1, Jakub Gumkowski, MA1, Malgorzata Zagroba, MPH2, Pawel Polak, MPH3, Sylwia Kolakowska4, Barbara Wieteska, MSc4, Daniel Pokrywczynski, MA5, Janina Fetlinska, PhD2, and Witold Zatonski, MD, PhD1. (1) Cancer Epidemiology & Prevention Division, Cancer Centre and Institute of Oncology, 5, Roentgen, Str. 02-781, Warsaw, Poland, (2) Institute of Health Care, 51 Wojska Polskiego Str., Ciechanow, Poland, (3) Department of Health Promotion and Education, Municipal Hospital, 2 Powstancow Wielkopolskich Str., Ciechanow, Poland, (4) Health Education Unit, Regional Sanitary Epidemiological Station, 33 Pilsudskiego Str., Skierniewice, Poland, (5) Assocation for Substance Abuse Prevention, 4 Strumykowa Str., Torun, Poland

Introduction: National surveys show that 21% of non-smoking adults is exposed to tobacco smoke in public places and 12% in worksites. Exposure of children to enforced passive smoking in public places is much higher (75-87%). Polish law forbids smoking in public places but this regulation seems to be ineffective in those sites where smoking zones are permitted.

Objective: To assess the magnitude of tobacco smoke pollution in public places in Poland.

Methods: Active Air Quality Monitors were used to measure ETS exposure in public places in Poland. Monitors measure concentration of fine particles (PM2.5 ým/m3) in the air. Polish study was conducted by the Cancer Center in Warsaw and local health care institutions in more than 60 public places in 4 towns. The study is a part of the international research project coordinated by the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in USA and the International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon, France.

Results: Study shows that PM2.5 level is few times higher for dancing clubs and pubs than for restaurants/coffee bars and several times higher than for hospitals and schools. Similar proportional differences were found in other Polish study where air nicotine concentration was measured in public places. Comparison of PM2.5 levels in Polish public places, especially dancing clubs, bars and pubs with air quality hazardous norms (PM2.5>251 ým/m3) allowed by the US Environmental Protection Agency shows the potential of tobacco smoke harm and suggests introducing total ban of smoking in all public places in Poland.