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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: To study the prevalence of different smoking behaviors and related risk factors, to explore the influence factors of the transition of different stages of smoking behaviors, and also to explore the influence of medical education on smoking-related knowledge, attitude and practice among undergraduate students in China.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was employed. 8138 junior students in their first 3 school years were sampled from a comprehensive university in Guangzhou as well as were inquired about their social-economic status, smoking behaviors, etc.
Results: Of the 8138 students investigated, the prevalence of ever trying smokers, irregular smokers, and regular smokers were 19.6%(28.9% for male and 9.1% for female), 2.0%(3.3% for male and 0.4% for female), and 1.1%(1.9% for male and 0.2% for female), respectively; and the three rates increased with grades. The results of the analysis of influence factors related to smoking behavior showed that the students from cities significantly less tried to smoke than those from rural areas. Over 500 RMB of the total daily expense per month and the roommates or classmates having smoking behavior were risk factors related to regular smoking in male students. Analysis of influence factors related to the transition of different stage of smoking showed that: determinants for the transition from non-smokers to trying smokers in male were students from rural areas, father's educational level, smoking-related knowledge and belief, and smoking roommates. The influence factors for the transition from non-smokers to trying smokers in female were mother's educational level, smoking-related belief, and smoking roommates.