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The 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health
Building capacity for a tobacco-free world
July 12-15, 2006, Washington, DC, USA
Objective: To evaluate the tobacco use prevalence among school children in Brasilia, Brasil.
Methods: we used a questionnaire adapted from the WHO questionnaire for prevalence of cigarette smoking status among young. The questionnaires were answered by students in the classroom, without identification. The data was analyzed according to sex and age comparing the private and public schools. The statistics were performed by the chi-square test, considering statistically significant the differences with p < 0.05.
Results: we evaluated 2661 children from 09 to 21 years old; 466 were from private and 2113 were from public schools. The prevalence of cigarette smoking among school children was 10,5%, without significant difference among public and private schools (p>0,05). In relation to the sex, it was observed a higher tendency in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among girls, but without statistically significant difference (p>0,05).There is not any association with father cigarette use and the cigarette use of children in both sex (p>0,05), but there is an association between the cigarette use of mothers with their daughters (p=0,04) and the cigarette use of another person at home with both sex (male p=0,002 and female p=0,006).
Conclusions: the awareness of the common use of cigarettes among school children is important to determine if the strategies to prevent tobacco use are being effective.